Let’s breakdown the specific provisions of the tax reform law so that you can determine how the changes will impact your life in Costa Rica.
The Value Added Tax (V.A.T.)
In Costa Rica we have a sales tax of 13% that only applies to a limited amount of products. The goal of the tax reform law is to change the sales tax into a Value Added Tax (VAT) that will be broader in scope by covering products and services. The following tax rates will apply:
13% is the general tax rate
4% for airline tickets and private healthcare services
2% for medical products, raw materials and machinery used for production, insurance premiums, purchase and sale of university issued products
1% the list of food consumption products that make up the basic necessities foodstuff list (canasta basica).
The V.A.T. would also apply to all service providers such as doctors, architects, engineers, lawyers, dentists, accountants etc.
The law includes several exemptions that will not be subject to the 13% tax rate as follows:
Exports of goods
Sales of goods or services for free trade zones
Interest and fees for loans and credits
Financial and operating leases
The guarantees and guarantees of compliance
The commissions paid to complementary pension operators
The rental of housing where the rental amount is less then the equivalent of 1.5 base salaries (646,000 Colones).
The electricity consumption of less than 280 kW / h
Water consumption less than 30 cubic meters
Orthopedic equipment, rehabilitation and wheelchairs
The goods and services provided or acquired by the Red Cross
The goods and services provided or acquired by the Costa Rican Fire Department
Enrollment in public universities
The goods and services provided or acquired by the Association Works of the Holy Spirit
The acquisition of goods and services from the Earth University
The internal advertising space of radio and television programs
The self general of electricity
Books in any of their formats
The fees and monthly payments of professional associations
Premiums for labor, agricultural and social interest housing
The services of livestock auctions
Care and elderly care networks
The goods and services acquired by the Boards of Education
The goods and services acquired by the Community Development Associations
The goods and services acquired by the Asadas
Private education (preschool, primary, secondary, university, para-university and technical)
Income Tax Reform
The Tax Reform Law would modify certain provisions of the existing income tax law as follows:
The Tax Year
Currently the Costa Rican tax year ends on September 30th. This would change to a calendar based tax year so that it would run from January to December.
The Tax Rates For Corporate Entities
The corporate tax rates would be as follows:
Corporate Tax rate is 30%
If Gross Income is less than 106 million colones during the fiscal year then the following tax rates apply:
5% on the first ¢ 5 million annual net income.
10% on the excess of ¢ 5 million and ¢ 7.5 million of annual net income.
15% on the excess of ¢ 7.5 million and up to 10 million annual net income.
20% on the excess of ¢ 10 million colones of annual net income.
Small businesses which are registered before the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Commerce, or before the Ministry of Agriculture , may apply the following scales:
0% of the tax on the profit tax in the first year of commercial activities;
25% of the tax on the profit tax in the second year of commercial activities;
50% tax on the profit tax in the third year of commercial activities.
The Tax Rate For Individuals
Income of up to ¢ 3,339,000 per year, will not be subject to tax.
On the excess of ¢ 3,339,000 per year and up to ¢ 4,986,000 per year is 10%
On the excess of ¢ 4,986,000 per year and up to ¢ 8,317,000 per year is 15%
On the excess of ¢ 8,317,000 per year and up to ¢ 16,667,000 per year is 20%
On the excess of ¢ 16,667,000 annually is 25%
Once the tax has been calculated, the individuals who carry out lucrative activities will be entitled to the following tax credits:
For each child the tax credit will be ¢ 16,920 per year
For the spouse the tax credit will be ¢ 25,320 per year
The Tax Rate for Salaried Employees
Income of up to ¢ 752,000 per month will not be subject to tax.
On the excess of ¢ 752,000 monthly and up to ¢ 1,128,000 is 10%
On the excess of ¢ 1,199,000 monthly and up to ¢ 2,103,000 is 15%
On the excess of ¢ 2,103,000 monthly and up to ¢ 4,205,000 is 20%
On the excess of ¢ 4,205,000 monthly is 25%
Implementation of a Capital Gains Tax
The Tax Reform law will create a Capital Gains Tax of 15% which will apply to investment income and real estate. For real estate the law provides a one time exemption for those property owners that own property before the law comes into effect. Those will pay 2.25%. Also the primary residence is exempt from capital gains.